Tewari: Hidden Laws in the Universe
Paramahamsa Tewari is known in the 'free energy' community as one of the pioneers of over-unity energy production. His Space Power Generator is one of the early examples of electromagnetic generators that are said to produce more energy than they should - according to agreed-upon theoretical considerations.
Tewari is also the originator of Space Vortex Theory, which holds that space is permeated by a non material substrate that, similar to a Bose-Einstein condensate, has high density but no inherent resistance to flow, and that matter is created by vortices in that substrate that break its continuity due to their flow at the speed of light. His views are described in the paper titled "On the Space-Vortex Structure of the Electron" (download as PDF).
In the following article, Paramahamsa Tewari discusses how this view of the genesis of matter is applicable to cosmic structures as well:
The Hidden Laws in the Universe
Can we understand the universal reality in a scientific sense and describe it through scientific methods? Taking due note of the theories and experimental findings during the last few centuries and paying attention to the fact that some basic issues like genesis of mass, inertia, charge and light require a fresh approach for their fuller understanding, universal reality can be pinpointed. Among the aforesaid basic properties of matter, genesis of mass is the least understood phenomenon.
The present problems in physics arise mainly due to the unresolved controversy whether, in addition to matter and field, the universe has also a basic substratum of some real entity. For instance, to study the mode of transmission of light in the substratum of either ether, or voidness, requires first to determine the structural relationship between light and the substratum transmitting it.
A: Is light in its structure independent of space structure as it would be if space were postulated as a void?
B: Or is light structurally a condition of space (ether) as it would be if a fluid ether were postulated?
But before that, if ether's existence as the universal substratum is postulated, it has to function not only as a carrier of light but also - and more primarily - as the entity to give structure to matter, say the electron. This is because light is not as basic a phenomenon as matter which has more basic properties including mass, inertia, charge etc.
- - -
Starting first with the postulate of real existence of an ether substratum, the question arises: Since the electron has mass, can we postulate mass and density properties for the ether as well? The answer is a clear 'No' - if the origin of mass in electron structure is to be derived from First Principles. But, if ether is postulated to be a mass-less fluid substratum, it is branded as a hypothetical entity because the modern trend is that anything without mass is energy-less and hence a kind of nothingness. Here is the impasse created for the past century by the relativity and quantum theories. With an empty and also non-empty concept of space (to suit convenience) they do not allow investigation of the genesis of mass from the first principles. The challenge is to derive mass and charge properties of the electron through the dynamics of a mass-less ether using new basic equations, and to compare the theoretically obtained results with the experimentally obtained values of electron mass and charge, and thus to prove the real existence of a non material ether substratum, unless of course any other contemporary theories based on the postulate of a void-space can achieve the same. Further, it is not only to explain the origin of the basic properties of mass, inertia and charge of the electron and of matter in general but also to explain, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the creation of electrostatic, gravitational, magnetic and electromagnetic fields from electron structure for a broader and clearer understanding of the existence of fields and matter in the universe.
Einstein argued around the middle of the 20th century that 'field' is the most fundamental entity in the universe, but leaving the question of the process of creation of fields open, his can be termed a hasty conclusion. Also, he said that since we can not do away with the concept of fields, why introduce a hypothetical carrier - ether - for the transmission of fields. With this suggestion, again he did not give due importance to the genesis of fields because fields, if real, will require a real substratum.
Proceeding according to the guidelines from the above principles and ensuring physical picture and mechanistic classical approach for each phenomenon, the following postulates were made in Space Vortex Theory (SVT) by the writer:
1: The universe has only one reality of three dimensional fluid space with non material properties (mass less, non viscous, continuous, incompressible, homogeneous fluid).
2: The fluid space has a limiting velocity gradient at which its circulating flow breaks down.
3: Circulating motion is an inherent property of universal space.
Creation of electron
The nonmaterial space (here after termed "space') in vortex circulation at the limiting velocity-gradient breaks down into a dynamically stable sphere of void, thus creating an electron.
Fig. 1 shows that the electron center with an axis of rotation is an ultra small sphere of nothingness, containing no field, no energy, no space --- and instead is a sphere of a void of fixed radius. Beyond this sphere of void (enclosed within the spinning interface, hereafter called “interface”), space as a non material fluid exists almost infinitely as the most basic substratum of the universe.
It has been shown (SVT) that the mass of the electron is proportional to the product of the volume of the void within the interface and the maximum circulation speed of space (equal to the speed of light c relative to space) on the interface, and the charge of the electron is proportional to the product of the surface of the spinning interface and maximum speed of space circulation on the interface. From these two basic equations, mass and charge of the electron as well as all the stable particles and cosmic bodies (planets, stars, galactic cores) are derivable.
Further, it follows from the postulates that the electron is the only fundamental particle in the universe. An electron vortex in opposing rotation is a positron (Fig. 2). This explains that positive and negative charges are rotation based.
me = ( 4 π re 3 / 3) c
where me is electron mass, re is the radius of electron’s interface and c is the maximum speed of circulation of fluid space.
qe = (π / 4) (4 π re 2 ) cwhere qe is the electron charge.
Fields in the structure of Electron / Nucleus / Atoms
In electron vortex, the velocity field (velocity of space points on a streamline) falls inversely as the distance from the vortex center. Each point in the universe will have a velocity field starting from the interface of the electron. Due to the spin of the interface at speed c, an inward maximum acceleration field (AF) is c 2 / re, where re is the radius of the interface enclosing the void, acts on the interface. This inward-field at the interface is of the highest strength in the universe, exerting a kind of pressure from space on to the electron's interface and making it the most stable particle (until it meets a positron and is annihilated).
It is shown (SVT) that a proton also has a core of electrons/positrons accounting for its mass and an enclosing space vortex creating a spinning interface that gives it the charge property (Fig. 3).
The spin of space at proton interface calculated in SVT is at speed c/12 and consequently the maximum inward AF on the interface is
(c/12) 2 / 12 rewhere 12 re is the radius of the interface of proton. This shows that the inward AF on proton's interface is 1728 time less that the AF on electron's interface.
All nuclei are enclosed within a space vortex that spins them, produces charge effect and also creates inward AF that acts against the outward electric repulsive forces due to protons within the nuclei (Fig. 4).
The electrical attraction between an electron and a positron is due to strengthening of the velocity field (VF) between the particles (Fig. 2). Electrical repulsion is due to opposition of the VF between the particles. Coulomb's law, Ampere’s law, Gauss’s law are derived with the charge equation. This proves that the very concept of "exchange of force with real and virtual particles” in quantum theory is erroneous. Also, but for the inward AF on all nuclei, there would not be any stability of the nuclei which would split due to mutual repulsion of the protons within. The inward forces on nuclei are missing in quantum theory due to a neglect of spatial reality.
The nuclear space vortex extends up to the orbital electrons' orbits, carrying the orbital electrons around their respective nuclei and leading to an overall nullification of the electrical field of the nucleus, thus making the atom a neutral particle. This vindicates Rutherford’s concept of similarity between the solar system and the atom.
The mass energy equation has been derived using mass-equation and computing the work done supposing a collapse of the electron interface. The universal constants (Coulomb’s constant, dielectric constant, permeability constant, Planck’s constant, gravitational constant) are derived from electron structure.
With the central-void structure of the electron that explains its properties and the origin of fields through vortex structure, it is seen that the modern concept of electron structure is quite opposed to this. As per the current view one expects that the electron center should have energy distribution up to its center that should explain its mass but, quite opposed to this concept, it is the absence of energy at the electron center that creates mass-effect. Mass is not energy but a constant of proportionality in the mass energy equation.
Coulomb’s constant : 1 / 4 π ε0
where ε0 is the permittivity constant of vacuum.
ε0 = π / 2c;
μ0 = 2 / π cwhere μ0 is the permeability constant of vacuum.
Intrinsic angular momentum of electron = (4/5) me c re
Spin magnetic moment of electron = (3/4) qe c re
Electrical Forces in Cosmic Bodies
The sun and the planets rotating axially in the same sense by their enclosing space vortices develop electrical charge and cause electrical repulsion -- a new effect unrecognized by astrophysics! In place of centrifugal force on the planets (Newton), electrical repulsive forces are operative. Similar is the case with galaxies -- those rotating in opposite direction will be electrically attracted and vice versa.
Any volume of space with or without fields is a mass-less volume. It should not be called matter. The volume of space around the galactic core, even excluding matter particles therein, is cosmic energy. In other words a volume of vacuum (without any presently known fields) is in vortex rotation around the galactic core and is the primordial cosmic energy. What is confused as dark matter is cosmic energy as space vortex circulating the stars around the galactic core.
Creation of Matter
From the orbital rotation of the sun around the galaxy, the maximum velocity field in the space vortex enclosing the galactic core is determined in SVT as approaching c at a radial distance of 1.4x10 16 cm from the core. This will create electrons and positrons as well as hydrogen atoms. These particles and jets of hydrogen will be projected at speed nearing c, spiraling around the galactic core and dispersing outwards.
Stability of galaxy
It is recognized in contemporary theories that extremely high speed rotation of galaxy should burst open the core because gravitational attraction is not adequate. But the following is not recognized: Due to rotation at c at the distance of 1.4 x 10 16 cm from the core in the space vortex around the galaxy, an inward AF is created: c 2 / 1.4 x 10 16 cm which is 639.2 m / s2. This is the surface gravity of the galactic core, exerting pressure from space on to the core keeping it stable against splitting force if any. In fact the core is rotated by the space vortex enclosing it.
From the orbital motion of Mercury around the sun, maximum velocity field in the space vortex enclosing the sun is determined to be 436.7 km / s. The solar wind at the surface of the sun will blow at the same average speed. The surface gravity of the sun is caused by the inward AF created by the above velocity field around the sun’s surface; (436.7 km / s) 2 / sun’s radius = 274 m/ s2
Earth’s surface gravity
From the orbital motion of the moon, the maximum velocity field in the space vortex enclosing the earth is calculated as 7.8 km / s. Earth’s surface gravity is caused by the inward AF due to above velocity field: (7.8 km/s)2 / earth radius = 9.5 m / s2 .
Following annihilation of an electron with a positron due to electrical attraction, their interfaces are superposed and space circulations cease. Their interfaces collapse. This is followed by dying of their field structure -- a process starting as a spherical shell (ideally) of light-effect that kills the fields of the annihilated particles as it traverses through space at speed c due to the very property of space.
The hidden laws
1 There is only one entity (substance) in the universe that is the mass-less fluid space which in circulation becomes the primordial energy.
2 there is only one fundamental particle, the electron, that in combination with other electrons and positrons assembles all universal matter.
3 There is only one fundamental field that - the velocity field - due to space motion from which all fields (gravitational, electrostatic and magnetic) are produced.
4 There is only one constant speed of transmission of fields that is light speed with respect to space substratum.
5 The micro and macro cosmos are designed following identical patterns.
6 The material particles are structured by non viscous, mass-less space and can continue to exist eternally, unless annihilation takes place in units of one electron and one positron.
Contact the author here: Paramahamsa Tewari
- - -
See also related: