The Double Helix Theory of the Magnetic Field
We are all familiar with the fascinating swirling motion of water as it pours out of a sink. The scientific name for this phenomenon is vorticity and such a whirlpool is known as a vortex.
In the 17th century, Descartes proposed that the Planets move around the Sun because they are swept around by whirlpools of a subtle matter filling all space.
The double helix nebula - Image credit: M. Morris, UCLA via Space.com
Descartes' theory however disagreed with Newton's law of gravity. If Descartes' theory were correct the theory of conservation of energy would break down and we would have extra tangential forces involved in planetary orbital theory that would have the same mathematical form as the forces involved in electromagnetic induction.
In the 18th century, Bernoulli proposed that space is permeated with tiny whirlpools. If Bernoulli is correct, this would explain the discrepancy between Descartes' theory of gravity and Newton's theory of gravity because Bernoulli's sea of tiny vortices would act like a rotationally elastic sponge and soak up all the large scale vorticity envisioned by Descartes' theory. This in turn would lead to Kepler's law of areal velocity which is essentially a statement of the fact that there is no vorticity in the gravitational field. In mathematics, we know that the curl of a gravitational field is zero whereas the curl of a magnetic field is non zero. It seems that all of Descartes' large scale vorticity may have been sponged off into the magnetic field.
In the 19th century, James Clerk-Maxwell adopted a picture of a sea of tiny whirlpools very similar to that of Bernoulli. He hydrodynamically modeled this sea of vortices in 1861 and obtained the laws of electromagnetism. Maxwell described his theory in detail in his paper 'On Physical Lines of Force'.
But Maxwell's theory was incomplete. He knew that electrical particles were needed in order to act as idle wheels between his molecular vortices but he was never able to establish the exact interaction.
It is here proposed that Maxwell's molecular vortices should be more accurately replaced with rotating electron positron dipoles in which the electrons are orbiting the positrons in central force non-Keplerian orbits. The axial plane of these rotating dipoles would align solenoidally in sympathy with magnetic field lines, such that electrons would be angularly phased above positrons in a twisted rope ladder fashion. Magnetic field lines can then essentially be viewed as helical springs with the Coulomb force providing the axial tension.
Magnetic field lines cross directly between the north pole of a magnet and the south pole of another magnet. We can now easily visualize how they can pull the two magnets together with Coulomb tension. Attracting magnets are essentially being pulled together by helical springs.
When we bring two magnetic north poles together, we observe that the magnetic field lines emanating from each pole spread sideways and away from each other. The ensuing repulsion can be explained by centrifugal force acting in the equatorial planes of the rotating electron positron dipoles.
If we treat an electron as an aethereal sink, and a positron as an aethereal source then the rotating electron positron dipole becomes an aethereal vortex of vorticity H.
The Coriolis force F = vXH will then act on a charged particle moving at right angles to magnetic lines of force. This Coriolis force is clearly the convective component of the Lorentz force of electromagnetic induction.
See 'The Aether and the Electric Sea' here below
or download the PDF version from wbabin.net.
Frederick David Tombe, 18th March 2007
Ormoc City, Leyte, Philippine Islands.
Contact the author at: firstname.lastname@example.org
- - -
The Aether and the Electric Sea
(The Link between Gravity and Electromagnetism)
Frederick David Tombe,
Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom,
1st December 2006, Philippine Islands
(17th March 2007 Amendment, Ormoc City, Leyte)
Abstract. The aether alone cannot explain electromagnetism. In order to explain electromagnetism, we need to have a sea of aether vortices. In order to have a sea of aether vortices, we need to have sources and sinks in the sea. These sources and sinks are what we call electrical particles and it is the 'Electric Sea' of electrical particles that shapes the aether into vortices and causes the fundamental hydrodynamical aethereal forces to manifest themselves in the particular guise of electromagnetism.
The distinction between the aether and the electric sea, and the relationship between them has not been discussed since the time of James Clerk-Maxwell. This paper aims to clarify the relationship between the aether and the electric sea. The gyroscopic solenoidal alignment of the electric sea can reverse a mutually attractive gravitational/electrostatic force into a mutually repulsive electrostatic force. The gravitational and electrostatic forces primarily arise out of pure aether hydrodynamics.
Bernoulli's Sea of Aether Whirlpools
I. ET Whittaker  writes
"All space, according to the young [John] Bernoulli, is
permeated by a fluid Aether, containing an immense number of excessively small
whirlpools. The elasticity which the Aether appears to possess, and in virtue of which it is
able to transmit vibrations, is really due to the presence of these whirlpools; for, owing
to centrifugal force, each whirlpool is continually striving to dilate, and so presses
against the neighbouring whirlpools."
Bernoulli's aether theory would appear to be the starting point in Maxwell's 1861 paper
'On Physical Lines of Force' .
The important thing to note is that the aether alone is not sufficient to explain electromagnetism. We need a sea of aether whirlpools.
Maxwell expanded upon Bernoulli's sea of whirlpools and pointed out that no such arrangement could be possible unless there were idle wheels between the vortices. Maxwell linked these idle wheels with the particles of electric current. Hence Maxwell's sea of whirlpools became a sea of electrical particles.
Lord Kelvin  says
"My suggestion is that the Aepinus' fluid consists of exceedingly
minute equal and similar atoms, which I call electrions, much smaller than the atoms of
ponderable matter; and that they permeate freely through the spaces occupied by these
greater atoms and also freely through space not occupied by them." See Aepinus Atomized by Lord Kelvin.
It was suggested in 'The Double Helix Theory of the Magnetic Field', that Maxwell's idle wheels are electrons and positrons and that his molecular vortices should more accurately be replaced by rotating electron positron dipoles in which each electron is undergoing a mutual central force orbit with a positron. The axis of rotation of each electron positron dipole will be perpendicular to the line joining the electron to the positron. Aether emerging from the positron will cross over and sink into the electron. The rotation of the dipole will hence lead to an aethereal vortex being contained within it. These central force orbits will be non-Keplerian because they will also be subjected to the Lorentz force. The gyroscopic/Coriolis component of the Lorentz force vXH will cause a sea of these dipoles to align solenoidally in a twisted rope ladder fashion, with the electrons angularly phased above the positrons in the axial plane, rendering magnetic H lines of force into helical springs.
The Aether and Mutual Attraction
II. Pure aether hydrodynamics can explain the fundamental force of electrostatics, in which sinks are mutually attractive and in which sources are mutually repulsive. See 'Gravitational Induction and the Gyroscopic Force'.
Mutually attractive electrostatics is commonly known as gravity. It is a common mistake to assume that the aether also serves as the luminiferous medium. Nobody has ever produced the necessary elastic constants that would enable a wave speed to be calculated for disturbances in the pure aether.
The Electric Sea and Mutual Repulsion
III. The transverse elasticity that led Maxwell to the speed of light and caused him to state " - - - we can scarcely avoid the inference that light consists in the transverse undulations of the same medium which is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena - - - " was based absolutely on the dielectric sea of his idle wheels. It was based on the self restoring elasticity of the electrical particles that surrounded his molecular vortices. See part III of his 1861 paper 'On Physical Lines of Force' .
We need the sea of electrical particles in order to explain the elastic tension associated with both electromagnetism and with cases of electrostatics in which like charges are mutually repulsive. It is a common mistake to try and explain both gravity and electromagnetism using a single medium. Any attempts to do so have foundered on the grounds of inability to account for why gravity is mutually attractive and why electromagnetism is mutually repulsive. We must clearly distinguish between the 'Aether' and the 'Electric Sea' albeit that the 'Electric Sea' is ultimately a sea of aether vortices.
The aether is the link between gravity and electromagnetism. The aether is the deep liquid medium of unknown substance that accounts for the fundamental forces. The electric sea shapes the aether into a sea of vortices. The electric sea can reverse the aethereal force of mutual attraction by a solenoidal arrangement of the vortices. In situations where mutual repulsion occurs either in magnetism or electrostatics, the lines of force emanating from the two bodies will spread outwards and away from each other. The Coriolis force will cause the vortices to align solenoidally and the centrifugal force acting in the equatorial plane of these vortices will cause a mutual repulsion to act laterally between the lines of force.
In the case of orbiting planetary bodies the gravitational field lines will spread out sideways between any two such bodies. The question of friction in space has often been used to undermine the idea of a particulate luminiferous medium. We can now see how the gravitational field lines that spread away from each other in the region between planetary bodies will align and polarize the electron positron dipoles in such a way as to invoke the hovercraft effect. The centrifugal force acting laterally between the radial gravitational field lines will create a repulsion and hence substantially reduce friction.
IV. Electrostatics clearly sits on the fence between gravity and electromagnetism. Electrostatics can be a pure aether hydrodynamical phenomenon in which like negative charges mutually attract and in which like positive charges mutually repel. Gravitation is a particular manifestation of mutually attracting electrostatics.
Electrostatics can also be an elastic phenomena associated with polarization of the electric sea. In this case like charges become mutually repulsive. The reversal threshold and range is discussed in 'Gravity Reversal and Atomic Bonding'.
We will have two forces both acting in opposite directions and each with a different drop-off coefficient. The mutually repulsive force will drop off more steeply than the mutually attractive force.
The Earth's Magnetic Field
V. The origins of the Earth's magnetic field have always remained somewhat of a mystery...
(This section was speculative and has been removed at the author's request - 30 April 2008)
 ET Whittaker, A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity; The Classical Theories (London; New York, American Institute of Physics, 1987) p.6
 Clerk-Maxwell, J., "On Physical Lines of Force", Philosophical Magazine, Volume 21, (1861)
 Aepinus Atomized, Lord Kelvin, Philosophical Magazine Vol 3, No. 15 (Sixth Series) March 1902, p.257ff. Communicated by the author. From the Jubilee Volume presented to Prof. Bosscha in November 1901.
 Dr. Menahem Simhony in Jerusalem has put forward a very compelling argument to suggest that space is pervaded by a dense medium of electrons and positrons. See, THE "MASS - ENERGY EQUIVALENCE" DECEPTION
 Ian Montgomery and Peter Whan in Australia have proposed that a sea of electron positron couplets explains electromagnetic theory. Full details have not yet been published.
 Arden Barker has advocated a sea of electron positron dipoles for the purposes of the propagation of electromagnetic radiation. See A Postulation for the Structure of the Proton and the Neutron
 Dr. Allen Rothwarf wrote 'An Aether Model of the Universe' in 1998 in which he envisaged the aether to comprise of electrons and positrons.
His brother Dr. Frederick Rothwarf has recently extended this work in conjunction with
Dr. Roy. See, Quantum Vacuum and a Matter - Antimatter Cosmology
 Barnett S. J., "Magnetization by Rotation" Physical Review 6/4 (1915) 239 - 270
- - -
Here is a more recent article of David Tombe, about which he says
"I have finally completed my research into this subject, and my conclusions are in this new 12 page article. The conclusions are refined versions of my same conclusions which you published [in this article].
Basically, yes, there is large scale aether vorticity in the universe in conjunction with planetary motion, but the natural state of affairs will be for it to be quickly absorbed into the fine-grained vorticity of the sea of rotating electron-positron dipoles.
I have concluded that tangential force generates centrifugal force, which is in actual fact a manifestation of positive 'outflow' charge. I believe that I have discovered the explanation for the rattleback 'celtic stone'.
You can find a copy of this latest paper at,
That article covers the issue of vorticity in all the key areas."